PART VIII: THE MISCELLANEOUS PARABLES
When one of those at the table withIntroductionThe Story
Jesus accepted the invitation to eat in the home of a
prominent Pharisee on the Sabbath. While there, he was
carefully watched, probably in order to find fault. Jesus
was moved with compassion to heal a man with dropsy (swelling
of the arms and legs--Todayís English Version). Noticing
that guests were seeking places of honor, Jesus gave a lesson
on humility. Then Jesus gave advice to his host: "When you
prepare a meal, donít just invite people who can pay you
back.. Invite poor people, and you will be repaid at the
resurrection of the justified." (Paraphrase). When someone
at the table with him heard this, he said, "Blessed is the
man who will eat at the feast in the kingdom of God." (A
reference to the Messianic banquet--Barclay, DAILY STUDY
BIBLE SERIES, LUKE, pp. 198 ff.). His statement precipitated
Jesus' Parable of The Great Banquet. The Parable of the Great
Banquet is found only in Luke 14:15-24.
Jesus replied: "A certain man was
preparing a great banquet and invited
many guests. At the time of the banquet
he sent his servant to tell those who had
been invited, `Come, for everything is
"But they all alike began to make
excuses. The first said, `I have just
bought a field, and I must go and see it.
Please excuse me.'
"Another said, `I have just bought
five yoke of oxen, and I'm on my way to
try them out. Please excuse me.'
"Still another said, `I just got
married, so I can't come.'
"The servant came back and reported
this to his master. Then the owner of
the house became angry and ordered his
servant, `Go out quickly into the streets
and alleys of the town and bring in the
poor, the crippled, the blind and the
"`Sir,' the servant said, `what you
ordered has been done, but there is still
"Then the master told his servant,
`Go out to the roads and country lanes
and make them come in, so that my house
will be full. I tell you, not one of
those men who were invited will get a
taste of my banquet.'" (Luke 14:15-24,
New International Version).
The characters and symbols of the story and the persons and things
that they represent in reality are:
1. Banquet Host
2. Servant Jesus and Prophets
3. Guests Invited First Jews
4. Guests Invited Second Tax Gatherers and Sinners
5. Guests Invited Third Gentiles
6. The Banquet Messianic Banquet/Salvation
(Adapted from Barclay, DAILY STUDY BIBLE SERIES, LUKE
pp. 198 ff.).
Here is an outline of the parable:
1. THE CALL. "Come, for everything is
now ready." The
original call for reconciliation with God went out to the
Jews. The Jewish leaders and much of Israel "sold their
souls" for a pittance, instead of accepting their Messiah.
Not only did the Jews reject the Christ, but most of the
Gentile world has also, choosing to believe the lie of the
2. THE CANCELLATIONS. "Please excuse
me." Note that the
invited guests allowed things that are not sinful in
themselves to keep them from the banquet. However , the
legitimate concerns became sinful, because they were made
into idols--they were placed before God. (Trench, NOTES ON
THE PARABLES OF OUR LORD, p. 128). Here are the excuses
2.1 Possessions--"I have just bought a field."
2.2 Pride--"I have just bought five yoke of oxen."
(Today, this could be a new car, boat, home.)
2.3 Passions--"I just got married."
Satan baits his hook with the above human bait. He catches
many. However, it is not too late for the fish to "spit out
3. THE CANVASSING. "Go out...and make
them come in." When
the Jewish leaders rejected Christ, the invitation went out
to tax gatherers and sinners. This group readily
acknowledged that they were sinners and saw their need for
the Savior. The religious leaders had so rationalized their
hypocrisy that they did not see themselves as sinners--a very
sad and tragic condition. However, even these can be saved:
And the Lord's servant must not quarrel;
instead, he must be kind to everyone,
able to teach, not resentful. Those who
oppose him he must gently instruct, in
the hope that God will grant them
repentance leading them to a knowledge of
the truth, and that they will come to
their senses and escape from the trap of
the devil, who has taken them captive to
do his will. (2 Timothy 2:24-26, New
The third group to receive the invitation were the Gentiles.
However, God has not written off the Jews, as we have noted
earlier in this book.
Earle abstracts four very important truths from
parable (Turnbull, Gen. ed., PROCLAIMING THE NEW TESTAMENT,
THE GOSPEL OF LUKE, by Ralph Earle, p. 64):
1. Every person is free to accept or reject God's call.
2. Not everyone accepts God's call.
3. The lost are lost because they reject Christ, not
because of an arbitrary Choice of God.
4. We have a basis for strong, aggressive evangelism,
based on love.
GOD WANTS EVERYONE TO BE SAVED.
Since it is the heart cry of our Heavenly Father that
everyone accept his Son and be saved, we must be about
our Father's business of evangelism. END.