PART II: THE PARABLES OF THE KINGDOM
CHAPTER 9 New and Old TreasuresJESUS' DISCIPLES HAVE A RICH
This is the fourth parable that Jesus taught his
disciples in private. It is sometimes called the Parable of
the Householder. It is only found in Matthew 13:52.
"Have you understood all theseThe Story
things?" Jesus asked.
"Yes," they replied.
He said to them, "Therefore every
teacher of the law who has been
instructed about the kingdom of heaven is
like the owner of a house who brings out
of his storeroom new treasures as well as
old." (Matthew 13:51-52,
New International Version).
"Do you understand these things?"
Jesus asked them.
"Yes," they answered.
So he replied, "This means, then,
that every teacher of the Law, who
becomes a disciple in the Kingdom of
heaven is like a homeowner who takes new
and old things out of his storage room."
(Matthew 13:51-52, Today's English
Jesus asked his disciples if they understood the
previous parables. They affirmed that they did. He then gave
the fourth and last parable of this series to them in
private. The parable is a statement about a scribe (a
teacher of the scriptures) who becomes a disciple (learner)
in the kingdom of heaven [God] is like a house master who
gives forth both new and old things from his treasury.The Interpretation
William Barclay does an excellent job of interpreting
What Jesus is in effect saying is this: "You
are able to understand, because you came to me
with a fine heritage. You came with all the
teaching of the law and the prophets. A scribe
comes to me with a lifetime of study of the law and
of all its commandments. That background helps you
to understand. But after you have been instructed
by me, you have the knowledge, not only of the
things you used to know, but of things you never
knew before, and even the knowledge which you
had before is lit up and illuminated by what I have
told to you." [William Barclay, DAILY BIBLE STUDY
SERIES, MATTHEW (Philadelphia: Westminster Press,
1958), p. 100].
This parable was directed to his disciples. His
disciples had been taught Old Testament truths. Jesus
was now their teacher. He was teaching them the meaning of
the Old Testament and explaining what parts were to be
superseded by his coming death. He was also bringing new
truth to them.
Jesus did not do away with the Mosaic Law. Ralph Earle
comments that Jesus both fulfilled the Law and "Filled it
Full." Jesus himself says,
"Do not think that I have come to
abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have
not come to abolish them but to fulfill
them. I tell you the truth, until heaven
and earth disappear, not the smallest
letter, not the least stroke of a pen,
will by any means disappear from the Law
until everything is accomplished. Anyone
who breaks one of the least of these
commandments and teaches others to do the
same will be called least in the kingdom
of heaven, but whoever practices and
teaches these commands will be called
great in the kingdom of heaven. Matthew
5:17-19, New International Version).
UNDERSTANDING OF BOTH THE OLD
AND NEW TESTAMENTS TO SHARE WITH OTHERS
As disciples of Christ, we must be about our Father's
business of sharing the good news of the Word of God to
people who are spiritually needy and hungry. END